Jun 30, 1909
World Heavyweight Champion Jack Johnson faces an Italian-American boxer named Antonio Rossiliano, or “Tony Ross,” in Pittsburgh. Although Johnson knocks Ross down in the first round, breaking the fighter’s nose in the process, he allows the bout to continue for a full six rounds in order to give patrons an exciting show. O’Brien deliberately falls to the mat in the last round in order to avoid a punch, sealing yet another victory for Johnson.
Sep 9, 1909
Johnson Kaufmann Match
In Colma, California, world heavyweight champion Jack Johnson faces “Big” Al Kaufmann. Kaufmann, one of the largest and most experienced of Johnson’s opponents, fails to land more than a few punches throughout the fight. Despite a consensus among those in attendance that the victory belongs to Johnson, the referee refuses to declare a winner. The match is ruled a draw. Continue reading The Jim Crow Timeline 1909 to 1911
Jack Johnson defends his heavyweight title while in exile from the United States due to pending charges related to his sexual relationship with a white woman. He loses to his white opponent, Kansas-born Jess Willard. Black boxers will be excluded from title bouts against whites for the next 22 years.
Nov 14, 1915
Booker T. Washington dies at the age of 59 in his home in Tuskegee, Alabama.
Du Bois Marches
In New York City, W. E. B. Du Bois leads a silent march in protest of Jim Crow laws and lynching crimes.
Virginia Separates Prisons
A Virginia law requires penitentiaries to separate black and white prisoners.
Texas Separates Libraries
A Texas law requires public libraries to maintain separate branches for blacks. Continue reading The Jim Crow Timeline 1915 to 1925
Virginia Restricts Public Places
A Virginia law requires public halls, movie theaters, opera houses, and all other places of public entertainment to separate white patrons from black patrons.
Arizona Sets Number
The Arizona legislature requires each district to vote on whether to segregate each high school in which the number of registered black students reaches 25.
Kentucky Restricts Hospitals
A Kentucky law requires white and black patients to be housed in separate hospital facilities.
Oregon Renews Laws
Oregon renews an anti-miscegenation statute first passed in 1866. The law prohibits any white person from marrying or residing with someone of another race.
In Tennessee, miscegenation is declared a felony. In addition, the legislature votes to require high schools to segregate students by race. Continue reading The Jim Crow Timeline 1926 to 1935
South Carolina Restricts Bus Drivers
A South Carolina law requires school bus drivers to be of the same race as the children they transport.
Virginia Separates Riders
A Virginia law requires all passenger vehicles to separate white riders from black riders. In addition, separate waiting rooms for black patrons must be maintained at bus stations and train depots.
The University Of Missouri School Of Law refuses to admit Lloyd Lionel Gaines, a black college graduate, on account of his race. The state offers Gaines a scholarship to attend a school outside Missouri, but he refuses the funding and files a lawsuit. Although he loses his case, the NAACP will appeal to the Supreme Court two years later.
Jun 22, 1937
Joe Louis Wins
Boxer Joe Louis defeats the reigning heavyweight champion Jimmy Braddock to become the first black athlete to hold the world title since Jack Johnson. Continue reading The Jim Crow Timeline 1935 to 1945
Alabama Literacy Law
The Alabama Constitution is amended to state new voting qualifications; electors must demonstrate literacy, must identify and explain any article of the U.S. Constitution, and must prove that they have been employed during the year prior to registration.
Jun 9, 1946
Jack Johnson Dies
Former world heavyweight champion Jack Johnson dies in a car accident near Raleigh, North Carolina.
Arkansas Separates Places
The Arkansas state legislature passes several statutes that mandate segregation at all polling places, in prisons, and on buses and trains.
North Carolina Restricts Cemeteries
A North Carolina law requires state cemeteries to segregate burial plots by race. Continue reading The Jim Crow Timeline 1945 to 1956
This is a chronicle of the timeline of denial of access and inhumane treatment that African-American/Blacks had to endure in these United States of America. In spite of all these barriers and dehumanizing acts of terror and injustice committed against African-American/Blacks, we are still STANDING. When God is on your side, survival is a foregone conclusion.
North Carolina Separates Bathrooms
A North Carolina law requires all factories and plants to maintain separate bathrooms for black employees.
Virginia Closes Schools
The Virginia legislature votes to close any school that enrolls both black and white students. Continue reading The Jim Crow Timeline 1956 – 1967
It is well known that major powers that are responsible for orchestrating global chaos. By their very deeds, they have proven to be incapable of feeling compassion for poor people suffering. They have created a system of Geopolitical upheaval, mayhem, and pandemonium that benefits a few while murdering and ripping millions of innocent men, women, and children from their families, cultures, lands.
Many leaders in developing countries have been convinced by arms merchants and war mongers that they must fear their neighbors and sometimes even their brothers. Consequently, those leaders end up spending millions of dollars on artilleries, guns, bombs, tanks, warships, fighter jets, and other killing machines while their citizens go un-educated, un-housed and un-fed. Continue reading Orchestrated Chaos
WHATEVER IN LIFE
YOU CHOOSE TO DO
MAKE IT WORK
WITH THE RIGHT POINT OF VIEW
YOU CAN’T LOSE
MAKE IT WORK
NO ONE CAN HELP YOU
UNTIL YOU DO
MAKE IT WORK
REGARDLESS OF ALL THE PAIN
THAT LIFE SOMETIMES PUT
YOU’VE GOT TO
MAKE IT WORK
Repeatedly and persistently over the last seven years, the American people, and Global citizens worldwide have heard Republican members of Congress, Republican politicians, and most Republican voters pine for the Repeal & Replace of the Affordable Care Act.
There are individuals on both side of the political divide that have said that the ACA need adjustments; however, most Republicans are hell bent on “throwing out the baby with bathwater”!
President Trump has aggressively and forcefully thrust the Republican control to Congress to push out the GOP bill, the American Health Care Act. The world is now aware that Trump and the U.S. House of Representative were unsuccessfully in moving their Health Care Act forward.
Trump’s approval rating hobbling around 37% and GOP’s American Health Care Act approval rating standing at 17% was not enough to move Republican on the far right or those on the center-right to vote for the GOP healthcare bill.
Continue reading Vote for What’s Morally Right or Vote for Personal Greed